Deuteronomy 5:6-15


Four essential commands for those delivered from bondage.

  1. Delivered people are to have no other gods (v.7)
  2. Delivered people are to have no carved image (vv. 8-10)
    1. Nothing carved and no likenesses (v. 8)
    2. You shall not bow down or serve them (v. 9)
    3. The Lord is jealous and shows wrath and love (vv. 9-10)
  3. Delivered people are to not take the name of the Lord in vain (11)
    1. See list below.
  4. Delivered people are to keep the Sabbath (vv. 12-15)
    1. It is observed because it is already in place. (v. 12)
    2. Work is the cease (vv. 13-14)
    3. The works of the Lord are to be remembered (v. 14)

    List of taking the Lord’s name in vain from Joseph S. Exell in 1900:
    1. The not making any profession of religion, as being afraid or ashamed to own that in which the name of God is so much concerned.
    2. Persons take the name of God in vain, when, though they make a profession of religion, yet it is not in such a way as God has required, and this is done by using His attributes, ordinances, or works, in which He makes Himself known, in an unbecoming manner.
    3. The name of God is taken in vain by blasphemy, which is a thinking or speaking reproachfully of Him, as though He had no right to the glory that belongs to His name.
    4. This commandment is broken by not using religious oaths in a right manner, or by violating them; and, on the other hand, by all sinful and profane oaths and cursing.
    5. This commandment is also broken by murmuring, curiously prying into, and misapplying God’s decrees or providences, or perverting what He has revealed in His Word, i.e. when we apply things sacred to profane uses, and have not a due regard to the glory of God, which is contained therein.
    6. This commandment is further broken by making use of God’s name as a charm; as when the writing or pronouncing some name of God is pretended to be an expedient to heal diseases or drive away evil spirits.
    7. This commandment is further broken by reviling or opposing God’s truth, grace, and ways; whereby we cast contempt on that which is most sacred, and lightly esteem that which He sets such a value on and makes Himself known by.